Another clickbaity title. If you are looking for Maldivian porn, I suggest you go to one of those videos floating around Youtube, or one of several inappropriate blogs which exist for some reason.

(If you’re wondering how I know about those, I was looking for the song “Reethi Kudhin” and they came up. Also, I didn’t know that Maldivians were so sleazy.)

In this post, we shall explore some more cognates and then try to build some new Dhivehi words. You’ll see how it’s related to pornography later.

Start from the Beginning

Unlike the previous Adventures in Etymology, this time we’ll start with the ancestral language; in this case, the PIE word *gerbh which means “to scratch” or “to carve”.

From *gerbh we get the West Germanic *kerfan. From that we get the Old English ceorfan, and finally we get the Modern English word carve.

Now let’s follow another path up the tree. I should note that I am not completely sure about the links. But these are the Sanskrit words I found which are possibly related to *gerbh:

  • क्षुरति (kṣurati) – “scratch”
  • क्षुर (kṣura) – “razor blade”
  • खुरति (khurati) – “scratch”
  • छुरति (churati) – “etch”
  • कषति (kaṣati) – “scratch”
  • कृवी (krvi) – “scissors”

The link is even more unclear with these next words, but they form the basis of this whole post, as you will see later.

  • कर्षण (karṣana) – “drawing”
  • कर्षते (karṣate) – “draw”

From these words we get the Dhivehi words:

  • ކެފުން (kefun) – “cut”
  • ކޮށުން (koshun) – “cut”
  • ކުރެހުން (kurehun) – “draw”
  • ކެހުން (kehun) – “scratch”

Get to the Pornography Already!

Don’t worry, we’re nearly there. We just need to follow one more path up the tree. From *gerbh we get the Greek word γράφω (grafo) which in modern times means “write”, but originally meant “scratch”, “cut into” or “draw”.

γράφω (grafo) made it into English via the suffix -graphy found in several Greek loanwords, which means “a writing, recording, or description of something”.

You can see the relationship between the cognates in the following chart. A dotted line means I am unsure about the link.

Graph-Kurehun

Word-building

The cognates I am most interested in here are ކުރެހުން  and γράφω (and the English equivalent -graphy). Now that we know their relationship, we can derive the equivalent Dhivehi forms of English words ending in –graphy. I will use some of the more common ones in this handy list.

Autography/Autograph

Auto = self, therefore the Dhivehi word would be އަމިއްލަކުރެހުން or ނަފްސުކުރެހުން

Biography

Bio = life, Dhivehi: ހަޔާތުކުރެހުން or އުޅުންކުރެހުން

Calligraphy

Kallos = beauty, Dhivehi: ރީތިކުރެހުން or ޗާލުކުރެހުން (I don’t know if ޗާލު is related to kallos in any way, but they sound similar)

Cardiography

Cardio = heart, Dhivehi: ހިތްކުރެހުން or ވިންދުކުރެހުން

Cartography

Carto = map, Dhivehi: ޗާޓުކުރެހުން

Choreography

Khoreia = dance, Dhivehi: ނެށުންކުރެހުން

Demography

Demo = people, Dhivehi: މީސްކުރެހުން

Geography

Geo = rock, Dhivehi: ގާކުރެހުން (Geo and ގާާ are cognates)

Mammography

Mammo = breast, Dhivehi: މޭމަތިކުރެހުން (This is the most appropriate translation. Mammo is related to the word mum/mom, so a slightly awkward translation could be މަންމަކުރެހުން. Otherwise, a more crude ބުއްކުރެހުން also works, but that would translate back into English as boobography.)

Photography

Photo = light, Dhivehi: އަލިކުރެހުން

And finally:

Pornography

Porne = prostitute, Dhivehi: ކަސްބީކުރެހުން

Another interesting thing to note about ކުރެހުން is that it is a verbal noun. This means that all the words given above can be used as verbs as well, adding a new dimension to their usage. In many cases, the words would be more versatile than the English equivalents, because it is awkward/incorrect to say something like biographing or mammographing, whereas ކުރަހަނީ  can be used with just about anything.  

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