In lesson 11, you saw how demonstrative pronouns are declined. In this lesson, you’ll learn how to do the same with personal pronouns. I won’t go through each case one by one, since you should be familiar with how the cases work by now. Instead, I’ll just throw this table at you:

Dhivehi Personal Pronoun Cases

Notice that there is no locative or instrumental. This is because it doesn’t make sense to say “at/in/on [person]” or “with [person]” (in the sense of “using [person]”).

The spelling used here reflects what is most commonly used. You may occasionally see ޔ being used for the dative and associative cases (for example, އޭނާޔަށް and ކަލެޔާ). You may also see short vowels used when suffixes are added to އޭނާ and މީނާ. This spelling reflects the way people actually pronounce the words – އޭނާއަށް is pronounced އޭނަޔަށް, etc.

It is common for people to not double the final ނ when declining pronouns ending with މެން or މީހުން. For example, some people may say އެމީހުނަށް and ކަލޭމެނާ. Both forms of speaking and writing are acceptable, but the forms given in the table are more common. The same applies to އަހަރެން, but it should be noted that the dative and associative forms are not common in speech, with people preferring to use އަހަންނަށް and އަހަންނާ instead.